The Difference Between Abstract Art and Contemporary Art

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Abstract art and contemporary art are two popular art forms that often confuse people due to their unique expressions and styles. While both have similarities, there are significant differences between them that are worth exploring. In this blog post, we will discuss the difference between abstract art and contemporary art and help you understand the nuances of each.

Abstract Art

Abstract art is a visual representation of emotions, concepts, and ideas. It does not represent any object or thing in the real world, but rather uses color, form, and texture to convey the artist's emotions and thoughts. Abstract art has been around for over a century and has evolved through different phases, including cubism, expressionism, and surrealism.

Abstract art does not follow any set rules, allowing artists to use their creativity to create unique and unconventional artworks. The focus is on the feelings and emotions of the artist, rather than the subject. Some famous examples of abstract art include the works of Wassily Kandinsky, Kazimir Malevich, and Mark Rothko.

Contemporary Art

Contemporary art, on the other hand, refers to art created after World War II, up to the present day. It encompasses a wide range of styles and mediums, including painting, sculpture, video art, and installation art. Contemporary artists often incorporate new technologies and materials in their work, making it diverse and innovative.

Contemporary art often deals with current issues and themes, such as globalization, identity, and consumerism. It also reflects the changing world and the influence of various cultures on art. Some famous contemporary artists include Jeff Koons, Damien Hirst, and Cindy Sherman.

The Key Differences

The primary difference between abstract art and contemporary art is their time period. While abstract art was developed in the early 20th century, contemporary art emerged after World War II. Abstract art is all about emotions and ideas, while contemporary art deals with current issues and themes. Abstract art does not represent any object or thing, while contemporary art often incorporates recognizable objects and images.


In conclusion, abstract art and contemporary art are two distinct art forms that have their unique styles and expressions. While both are important in the world of art, understanding the difference between them can help you appreciate and interpret them better. Whether you prefer abstract art or contemporary art, the beauty of art lies in the eye of the beholder, and it is up to you to interpret and appreciate it.